Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular Heart Disease occurs when one or more of the valves in your heart doesn't open or close properly.

Your heart has valves which control blood flow, opening and closing to ensure that blood is always flowing forward and that there is no backward leakage. The mitral and tricuspid valves control blood flow from the atria into the ventricles (chambers of the heart), and the aortic and pulmonary valves control blood flow out of the ventricles.

When a heart valve doesn't fully open, called valvular stenosis, the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the opening. When a heart valve doesn't close tightly, called valvular insufficiency or "leaky valve", blood will leak backwards, also making the heart work harder.

Treatments for heart valve disease vary depending on the affected valve(s) and the severity of the disease. Types of heart valve disease include:

Pulmonary valve disease is a congenital (from birth) disorder and is treated as adult congenital heart disease.

Columbia has been at the forefront of developing minimally invasive and catheter-based approaches to heart valve repairs and replacements, allowing those who are at higher risk access to lifesaving procedures. Additionally, hybrid approaches for complex cases are performed routinely at our Structural Heart & Valve Center, such as a combined tricuspid valve repair and mitral valve replacement.

For more information regarding the diagnosis and treatment of heart valve disease or to make an appointment with a CIVT physician call 212-305-7060.